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A settled agricultural people, the Armenians, first contact with Turkic-speaking pastoral nomads set the stage for a conflict-ridden relationship that was to persist for centuries. Hostility between Armenians (farmers) and Turks (livestock raisers) is a theme repeated the world over from pre-historic times to the present.
Antagonisms based on economic conflicts persist as bigotry, even after the economic rationale no longer exists. The ethnic, racial and religious identification becomes a symbolic cause to hate.
"The cowman and the farmer should be friends"
Lyric from "Oklahoma"
Rogers & Hammerstein, 1946
|Peqout Indians, 1637||by English Government Settlers|
|Minniconjou Sioux, 1890||by United States Government|
|Armenians, 1915-23||by Ottoman Turkish Government|
|European Jews,1939||by Nazi German Government|
|Cambodians,1975||by Cambodian Khmer Rouge Government|
|Tutsis, 1990||by Rwandan Hutu Government|
|Bosnian Serbs, 1990||by Croatian and Serbian Governments|
|1822 Chios ...Greeks||50,000||1892 Mosul...Yezidis||3,500|
|1823 Missolonghi ...Greeks||8,750||1894 Sassoun...Armenians||12,500|
|1826 Constantinople... Greeks||25,000||1895-96 Armenia...Armenians||150,000|
|1850 Mosul...Assyrians (Nestorians)||10,000||1896 Constantinople... Armenians||9,570|
|1864 Lebanon...Maronites||12,000||1896 Van ...Armenians||8,000|
|1867 Crete...Greeks||1903-04 Macedonia... Macedonians||14,667|
|1876 Bulgaria...Bulgarians||14,700||1904 Sassoun...Armenians||5,640|
|1877 Bayazid...Armenians||1,400||1909 Adana...Armenians||30,000|
|1879 Alashguerd...Armenians||1,250||1915-23 Turkey, Syria...Armenians||1,500,00 0|
|1881 Alexandria... Christians||2,000||1996 Turkey ...Turkish Kurds|
Left: 1895 political cartoon depicts how the British government, in favor of Turkish trade revenues, ignored the pleas of Armenians being slaughtered by Turkish troops.