University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies


Armenian Genocide

“The Armenian Genocide of 1915 was the supremely violent historical moment that removed a people from its homeland and wiped away most of the tangible evidence of its three thousand years of material and spiritual culture. The calamity, which was unprecedented in scope and effect, may be viewed as part of the incessant Armenian struggle for survival and the culmination of the persecution and pogroms that began in the 1890s. Or, it may be placed in the context of the great upheavals that brought about the disintegration of the multiethnic and multireligious Ottoman Empire and the emergence of a Turkish nation-state based on a monoethnic and monoreligious society. The Ottoman government, dominated by the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) or the Young Turk party, came to regard the Armenians as alien and a major obstacle to the fulfillment of its political, ideological and social goals. Its ferocious repudiation of plural society resulted in a single society, as the destruction of the Armenians was followed by the expulsion of the Greek population of Asia Minor and the suppression of the non-Turkish Muslim elements with the goal of bringing about turkification and assimilation. The method adopted to transform a plural Ottoman society into a homogeneous Turkish society was genocide.”

Richard G. Hovannisian, “Denial of the Armenian Genocide in Comparison with Holocaust Denial,” in Remembrance and Denial: The Case of the Armenian Genocide, ed. Richard G. Hovannisian (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1999) 13-14.

Links Armenian Genocide

Armenian Research Project (PDF)

Armenian Genocide Denial

“It is important to understand the immorality and the harmful consequences of denying genocide. As prominent scholars of genocide such as Israel Charney, Robert J. Lifton, Deborah Lipstadt, Eric Markusen and Roger Smith have noted: the denial of genocide is the final stage of genocide; it seeks to demonize the victims and rehabilitate the perpetrators; and denying genocide paves the way the way for future genocides by making it clear that genocide demands no moral accountability or response.”

Peter Balakian, “Combating Denials of the Armenian Genocide in Academia” in Encyclopedia of Genocide Volume I, ed. by Israel Charney (Jerusalem: Institute on the Holocaust and genocide, 1999) 163-165.

"Anatomy of Genocide Denial: Academics, Politicians, and the "Re-Making" of History" by Taner Akçam (PDF)


Newspapers, Editorial Cartoons and Posters

Armenian Survivors

Artistic Responses to the Armenian Genocide

Exhibition Catalogs

Memorials to the Armenian Genocide

Resources for Teaching the Armenian Genocide (Secondary Educators)

Abstracts and Articles

Jennifer M. Dixon, “Education and National Narratives: Changing Representations of the Armenian Genocide in History Textbooks in Turkey," The International Journal for Education Law and Policy, Special Issue on “Legitimation and Stability of Political Systems: The Contribution of National Narratives” (2010), pp. 103-126.

Research Sites